Hebrew, the other Semitic language, is used only in Israel, where Arabic is also a national language.They reckoned that a new political structure would only be viable if rooted in a culture of citizenship supporting the parliamentary architecture. Wild Rain
The existence of an opposition became very problematic for the government. Long Road Home
Anderson, A History of the Modern Middle East: Rulers, Rebels, and Rogues (Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2016) by way of preparation for the course.